Egyptologist Charles Aling returns to TB&TS with a discussion of his article in the Winter issue of ARTIFAX magazine, looking at role-changing clues to the impact of the Exodus. Professor Aling examines three important positions that were often all three held by the high priest of Amon.
But after the reign of Amenhotep II — who may be the pharaoh of the Exodus, going by the Bible’s internal chronology — these positions changed significantly, as if the reigning pharaohs no longer trusted the high priests of Amon. An intriguing suggestion that the Exodus changed the Egyptian ruling class, right up to the reign of Akhenaten.
With these 2 programs we cover some of the stories from the news digests of the latest issue of ARTIFAX magazine, the Winter 2015 issue, just out.
Items include the newly discovered monumental entrance at Herodium, the newly opened site of Herod’s palace in Jerusalem – where some say Jesus appeared before Pilate, and a commemorative Latin inscription to the Roman emperor Hadrian.
We also discuss a royal escape tunnel found at Iron Age Bethsaida (Geshur), a newly discovered temple of Tuthmosis III – possibly the pharaoh of the oppression in Exodus, and the 8,000-year old remains of olive oil domestication. These items and more, with commentary from professor Billington.
Charles Aling, chair of the history department at the University of Northwestern-St. Paul, was featured in the recent documentary Patterns of Evidence, which investigates the historical evidence for the Exodus of the Bible.
The documentary highlights the tensions between the theories for the early date for the Exodus and the late date and other issues related to the historicity of this founding event for two of the world’s major religions.
We discuss some of the theories presented in the documentary, why Dr. Aling supports the early date for the Exodus, and the issues he has with some of the other presentations in the documentary.
UPDATE: Christianity Today posted an excellent article by Gregory Alan Thornbury on “Why It Matters That the Exodus Really Happened.”